pregnancy and baby care

 Why Do Miscarriages Happen?

A Miscarriage or loss in pregnancy can be heartbreaking for both the parents mainly the mother because she was the one carrying the baby. Some women often go into depression after a miscarriage because everyone around points out their mistakes and tells them that the loss of a baby is only due to her. People believe that the mother is responsible for a miscarriage. Because they think it’s only the mother’s responsibility to take care of her baby and herself. That is why it is very important to educate ourselves on what causes miscarriage.

What is a Miscarriage?

It is the loss of an embryo or fetus in the first trimester(3 months of pregnancy) before it is fully developed to survive in the womb of a mother. A Miscarriage can happen after 20 weeks of pregnancy also but it’s too rare. This is called STILLBIRTH.  A Miscarriage is also called Spontaneous abortion. This happens to many women even before they are aware of their pregnancy. It means it can happen in the first initial weeks of pregnancy.

Symptoms of a Miscarriage:-

  • Heavy bleeding or menstrual flow.
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Weakness.
  • Cramping.
  • Backpain from mild to severe.

Causes of Miscarriage:-

  • Improper plantation of the egg in the uterus.
  • Severe diabetes.
  • thyroid.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Infections (malaria, HIV, syphilis, rubella).
  • Smoking, Alcohol, and drugs.
  • chromosome abnormalities.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Heart disease.
  • PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome).
  • Weak Cervix.
  • Food poisoning.
  • Some medicines like misoprostol, retinoids, methotrexate, and NSAIDs.
  • Eating unripe or semi-ripe Papaya fruit (It contains a latex substance that may cause contractions of the uterus which may lead to miscarriage or abortion or delivery).
  • Including Pineapple in your diet in your first trimester.
  • History of more than 2 miscarriages.
  • Major injury.
  • When the fertilized egg has an abnormal number of chromosomes or genes.
  • Being underweight or Overweight.

Types of Miscarriage:-

  1. Incomplete miscarriage:- Some of the tissue or fluid of the embryo or fetus comes out of the vagina by itself and some stay inside. At this point, you have to call your doctor and get the tissue of the fetus removed, or else it may lead to severe uterine infection.
  2. Complete Miscarriage:- All the fluids and tissue of the fetus comes out from the vagina automatically. No need for further treatment but still just check with your doctor once.
  3. Missed Miscarriage:- The ultrasound will show an empty pregnancy sac or an embryo without a heartbeat. There will not be any bleeding or cramping here. You will just feel that you are no longer pregnant.
You will sometimes have mild cramps and spotting of blood from the vagina. This is not Miscarriage. But if you see it regularly talk to your doctor. It is very difficult to know the exact cause of a miscarriage. Our daily routine like walking, a little bit of exercise, having sex, working, or falling doesn’t cause miscarriage. A miscarriage is not the end of everything. You can be pregnant again. Always be strong and positive.

How To Prevent Miscarriage?

Miscarriage mainly occurs in the first trimester. So take care the most at this phase of pregnancy.
  1.  Don’t lift heavy weights. You cannot even lift one bucket full of water. Take the help of your family members at this time. If you already have a one to 2-year baby, avoid holding him all the time. If your baby is overweight then you shouldn’t at all hold him for these three months.
  2. Avoid pineapple, papaya, cold meat, raw salad, raw food, raw egg, high mercury fish, and undercooked food. You can have ripe papaya in your 9th month.
  3. Don’t do any new exercises. Walking is enough for maintaining good health in the first trimester. You shouldn’t do yoga, running, jumping, racing, swimming, etc.
  4. It’s better to avoid Hard sex in the first three months as your body is preparing for a baby and it will be weak at this time. More pressure on your pelvic area can cause damage to the fetus in the first three months. Having sex continuously in the 9th month is recommended for easy and less painful vaginal delivery.
  5. Completely avoid alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, and caffeine. You shouldn’t even inhale the cigarette smoke. If someone smokes in your family, tell them to avoid it for some time or don’t go near them when they smoke.
  6. Take only one cup of milk tea a day. Drink plain milk instead which is very beneficial for both the mother and the baby. If you are not able to drink plain milk, your doctor will recommend Mother Horlicks or pProtenixfor you, which is an immunity booster for pregnant mothers.
  7. Make sure you take all the blood tests when you get to know your pregnancy. Your blood tests will tell you how healthy you are or if you have any illness. If you already have an illness your doctor will give you medications that are safe during pregnancy.
  8. Always consult your doctor before taking any medicine for fever, headache, cold, cough, loose motions, etc. Some medicines which cure us in pre-pregnancy can harm the fetus during pregnancy.
  9. Maintain a healthy body weight because overweight women are more prone to miscarriages.
  10. Give your body proper rest when it needs it. When you feel weak, take a rest. 
  11. Avoid stress and overthinking. Always be happy and positive.
  12. Drink lots of fluids and keep your body hydrated.

When To Call the Doctor:-

  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Cramping.
  • Fever.

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